Take it with you

Horse Passport

It’s essential to carry them when you travel.

Take it with youYou’ve planned your trip, you’ve checked your horse is fit for the event and ready to travel. You’ve looked over your trailer or lorry for safety and good running order issues. You’ve loaded the horse(s) and everything you will need for your journey – but have you remembered your HORSE PASSPORT???

It’s not an option to forget it these days I’m afraid. There are simply countless times that you will need it, and if you can’t produce it when required, you are likely to suffer – like being refused a lift home if you’ve broken down for instance…..

HORSE PASSPORT – TAKE  IT  WITH  YOU  WHEN  YOU  TRAVEL. Enough said!!

When you need a spare wheel

To carry spare wheels – no brainer or don’t bother?

I was fascinated to read a thread on the Horse & Hound website forum recently which posed the question of whether we should carry spare wheels with tyres on for our horse vehicles when we travel.

Now when I grew up, tyre technology wasn’t up to much and we were always taught that a puncture was almost guaranteed on a long journey. A deep knowledge of where the spare and all the paraphernalia was housed, and how to change a wheel by the road-side was ingrained in our minds – along with what to do when the engine over-heated and weekly bicycle maintenance! For me, it was amazing to think anyone might attempt a journey without a spare wheel on-board.

But then I got thinking. Firstly, the technological world of rubber has moved on considerably since those days and in fact, I have only had 2 punctures in the last…. can’t remember how many but a lot of…. years. What’s more, both of those punctures were so slow I didn’t even notice them straight away and had plenty of time to take the vehicle to our local tyre dealer.

Secondly, we’ve just bought a brand new car. It’s a tiny Skoda Citigo and guess what….. it doesn’t even have a spare wheel in it!!! Apparently lots of new cars don’t have spare wheels these days and of course, you pay for a brilliant breakdown service, so why bother to carry one?

Furthermore, a spare tyre is not part of the MOT test and there is no statutory requirement to carry one. So what’s the point? – We may well ask.

Well, logic and sanity soon returned along with many good reasons to keep the age old tradition of carrying a spare wheel with tyre (and knowing where it is) going. Read on for a selection:

1. Tyre sizes – whilst very modern vehicles may use more standard items, older vehicles will almost certainly have unusual size tyres that may be difficult to find in a hurry. If your vehicle tyre size is not in stock and you’re on the way home late Sunday afternoon, there’s trouble.

2. Tyre Ratings – These relate to the weight and speed at which a tyre is tested for. Lorry and trailer tyres are simply a very different thing to those on a car so again, correctly rated tyres need to be in stock if you have an emergency and no spare.

3. A damaged wheel rim – If the actual metal wheel rim is damaged, (a heavy scrape on the curb or a decent kick from a hoof) then even if a correctly specified tyre is available at short notice, they couldn’t fit it to the wheel anyway.

I’m sure you can think of a ton more reasons, all of them ‘no-brainers’ to carry a spare wheel with tyre in your horse carrying vehicles. After all, in an emergency, you know it’s time, it’s stress, it could be money and above all it’s your horses that will be home un-phased if you pay attention to the boring details.

Finally, it’s quite true that even with my impressive skills at changing wheels by the road-side, I am not keen to change a lorry or trailer wheel by myself in an urgent situation. You will almost certainly need our help in a tyre emergency but the more you can help us, the faster we can get you back on the road. For speed and for simple peace of mind, do carry a spare wheel with a tyre on when you travel – and make sure you check its condition regularly – there’s few things quite like a flat tyre on a spare wheel when you need it!

Some legal stuff FYI:
• For vehicles not exceeding 3,500kg (3.5 tonnes) must have a minimum tread depth of 1.6mm over the centre three quarters of the tyre and around the entire outer circumference, there must also be no bulges or cuts on the side walls.

• Vehicles in excess of 3,500KG (3.5 tonnes) the minimum tread depth is 1mm in a continuous band measuring at least three quarters of the breath of the tyre and around the entire outer circumference, there must also be no bulges or cuts in the side walls

• In both cases the tyre must be suitably inflated for the use to which the vehicle or trailer is put.

Travelling with horses in Hot weather

BE PREPARED! If you are you will not STRESS

Water and Ice

First things first, get your lorry ready!!! Get plenty of water, a horse drinks normally between 5-10 gallons of water daily depending on size. IF you have an old chest freezer put in 2 big 20l water carriers leaving 2 inches at the top for expansion. Put these in your lorry securely in the horse section as these will defrost and cool the air. Failing that recycle your plastic bottles 2 litres and more and fill with water and freeze and place in a plastic box again with the lid off.

Also have minimum 40 litres of fresh water for your horse, a lot of modern horse boxes have tanks underneath, get those full the night before. If they have not been used for a while get a bottle of Milton or any other baby sterilising fluid (available from Chemists) and fill with cold water and empty the Milton into the tank, leave for 30 mins and then empty. No need to rinse, just fill up with fresh water after emptying.

Fill up the lorry with drinks for you -lucozade is brilliant in this weather to rehydrate and replenish you fully as well as plenty of water as well.

Lorry Checks

Engine oil and summer coolant should be checked as well as tyre tread, wall and pressures and do not forget the spare tyre either. Just because it was plated 6 months ago does not mean it is road worthy! Regular servicing and checking your lorry will ensure it will not break down. You should, before you drive your lorry, do a walk round check to make sure everything is fine before you drive off. After all you are carrying your best friend on board!

Dog crate – if you are taking your lorry dogs with you then make sure they will be safe too! Dog crates are a perfect way of keeping your dog safe in your lorry whilst driving along. There are cooling jackets for them to wear all available at most pet supply shops, again these are ideal and follow the manufacturer’s instructions and check frequently.

Ensure you have your membership card for your equine breakdown recovery!!! And your horse’s passports on board-it is the law!

 If your lorry breaks down

If you can limp carefully into the services do this! But be mindful of your slow speed and it maybe better for the Highways Agency or Police to escort you off the road, Equine Rescue Services can help you with this!

Services are BUSY places with plenty of hussle and bussle, noisy air brakes, plenty of loud metal bangs, engines revving. Find a quiet area where you can IF it is safe to do so drop the ramp, put out your warning triangle to show other users that not only are you broken down but to warn them not to get close.

Other road users may not see you, so be mindful that they may not be expecting to come across horses in the lorry park!

IF you can find a shady area, bearing in mind the sun moves across the sky, that is great. Keeping your lorry cool is of paramount importance and keep the fans going (if you have them) if the electrics have not failed.

If you are still at the show ground, unload and put your horses in the stable. Most show centres will let you do this if you have not already booked stables overnight for during a show.

Check what you are wearing! You may have undressed from your show gear into summer shorts and strappy top! Whilst cooling for you, be careful around horses their feet can cause broken bones and large lacerations on your legs. There are plenty of cooling materials that jodhpurs are made of to cover your legs and keep your steel toe capped boots on and put on your hat if getting your horse off. You are no use to your horse if you are being carted off by the paramedics!!!!

Wash and Scrape

Horses do need water on their backs and large muscle areas but be careful not to insulate them! Wet towels are only effective for 5 mins and after this they insulate and warm up the horse.

The rules for soaking horses is washdown and scrape off with a sweat scraper. Do this 5 times repeating the wash and scrape. You can do this with ICED water -endurance riders have been doing this for years and years with no ill effects.

Pinch your horse’s skin, and see how quickly it goes back by counting 1, 2, 3 but slowly just like seconds. If it goes back immediately then he is not dehydrated. If it takes more than 3 seconds to go back then he is dehydrated.

Try to encourage to drink and there are plenty of products on the Equestrian market to put in the water to make it more palatable but these are NOT SUITABLE for EMS or PPID horses when you are watching their sugar intake.

Use a brand new sponge and soak it in the water and place in the horse’s mouth (mind their teeth and make sure you do not get eaten or they eat the sponge!)

Put apples or carrots in the water bucket and let them play apple bobbing.

Use a bottle or syringe to put water in the horse’s mouth to encourage drinking

There are some new rugs on the market that are cooling rugs, again ideal for standing horses and you need to cool them down quickly. Again like the canine cooling jackets follow the manufacturers instructions.

Do all of this and your horse will stay cool.

 Spotting potential Problems: What am I looking for?

Horses will sweat naturally to keep cool but this is an inefficient way for them due to their large muscle mass and we have to help them. In the wild horses will find shade and roll in muddy wallows to put a mud pack on them to protect them from the sun and flies. They will also paddle in water.

A sweaty horse needs to be cooled by the WASH AND SCRAPE method as mentioned above. This should bring down the horses temperature.

Keep an eye and regularly wash and scrape down. If you have fans on the lorry that will help as well.

If your horse has been suffering from heat stress and it is left untreated it can lead to a more serious condition, known as Heat Stroke.  Signs that your horse may be suffering from this include:

  • High temperature, horses normal temp is 100.5 degrees F (or 36 degrees Celsius)
  • Skin is usually dry and warm to the touch but they can be sweaty with foam as well
  • Skin can be twitching all over like there are flies on him
  • Horses may be staggering around, and may even fall, muscles may tie up like azutoria
  • They can be unaware of their surroundings, and this can make them a danger both to themselves and to others and humans!
  • Failure to treat can lead to very serious complications, call the vet or ask the Equine Rescue Control room to find the nearest vet to come to you.

 

The key is to remain as calm as you can and this will keep your horse calm.

If you have to get your horse off to walk around ensure you have a good control measure – a bridle is the best or chifney if you know how to use one. You do not want your beloved best friend trotting off up the road!

Make sure it is safe to do this, especially if you can stay on the lorry, if you can’t stay on then find a quiet spot.

Author: Julie Magnus from Julie Magnus Racehorse Transport   http://www.jmrt.co.uk

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